Pain de Campagne

loaf of pain de campagne bread on cutting board with knife and tea towel

In a rush? You can skip straight to the Pain de Campagne Recipe at my Tumblr.

For a long time, I’ve wanted to try making Pain de Campagne, aka French sourdough. The complex flavor and soft and chewy texture make me feel like I’m eating at a bakery in the French countryside.

But up until now, I’ve been a bit intimidated by it.

True artisan sourdough bread recipes require a lot of time and a lot of patience – and I don’t typically have much of either.

sliced pain de campagne on cutting board with bread knife

But this week I decided to buckle down and tackle this recipe. I thought to myself, if I can make no-knead artisan-style sourdough bread in a weekend, then how much different can it be?

I’m so happy I did.

Just look at that slice! This bread was perfect on its own as well as part of a beautiful BLT sandwich.

single slice of pain de campagne on cutting board

Although Pain de Campagne does take some practice to perfect, it isn’t impossible if you have the right tools on hand.

Time

Prep time:  30 to 35 minutes
Rise time:  8 hours to 24 hours
Cook time:  50 minutes
Total time: Approximately 9 hours 20 minutes to 25 hours 20 minutes

Ingredients

Pain de Campagne involves a combination of white and wheat flours:

  • 623 Grams (2 3/4 Cups) Water
  • 737 Grams (5 3/4 Cups) All-Purpose Flour *
  • 56 Grams (1/2 Cup) Whole Wheat Flour*
  • 340 Grams (1 1/3 Cup) Sourdough Starter
  • 18 Grams (1 Tablespoon) Salt

*You could use bread flour instead of all-purpose and rye flour instead of whole wheat.

Optional Ingredients

Pain de Campagne mixes well with additional ingredients for added authenticity:

  • 1/4 Ounce (1 Tablespoon) Amaranth
  • 2 Cups Grated Cheese
  • 2 Cups Walnuts
  • 1 Cup Caramelized Onions
  • 1 Cup Kalamata Olives
  • 1/4 Cup Mixed Herbs (Basil, Parsley, and Oregano)
  • 1 Tablespoon Diced Garlic

Feel free to mix and match to find the perfect flavor for you – though you probably shouldn’t use all of these optional ingredients at the same time.

Additional Equipment

This artisan-style bread requires a few basic tools to make:

Keep in mind that you don’t have to have everything to make this bread. If you don’t have a kitchen scale, I’ve provided alternative measurements. If you don’t have a dough scraper, you can use a large knife. Similarly, if you don’t have Banneton baskets, you can let your dough rise in a bowl, and if you don’t have a bread lame, you can use a sharp razor or knife.

Instructions

Before we begin, make sure your sourdough starter is active. It should bubble and rise consistently on a schedule, and you should have a feel for when it’s at peak performance. My sourdough starter was more than two months old when I first tried the recipe.

If you don’t think you don’t think your starter is quite ready, I suggest trying a different recipe altogether, such as sourdough discard bread or beginner sourdough sandwich bread. These recipes use a little bit of commercial dry active yeast to help the bread rise, so you don’t have to rely on timing as much.

Feed your starter before you start baking, ideally 4 to 6 hours beforehand so your starter is at its peak.

Once your starter is ready, combine the flours and set aside. Warm your water to about 90 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit – or if you don’t have a thermometer, the water should feel lukewarm but not hot.

flour in a glass bowl with a wooden mixing spoon

Next, combine the flour and warm water and let it sit for 15 to 30 minutes. You could potentially let it sit for up to an hour if you aren’t in a rush. This process is called autolysing and it helps soften the bran in the wheat, resulting in better gluten development later.

flour and water mixed in a bowl with a wooden spoon

Now add the sourdough starter and the salt to your flour and water and mix thoroughly. The dough will be sticky, so feel free to mix with your hands as needed.

flour mixed with sourdough starter in a glass bowl

After mixing, your dough will be super slack and goopy and that’s perfect. If you have additional ingredients (such as nuts or cheese or herbs), sprinkle them on top of your dough now. They will mix in naturally during the folding process that happens next.

Let your dough sit for 30 minutes to an hour.

Now comes the messy part. Because the dough is slack, we want to build up some tension and encourage gluten development. So we’ll want to stretch and fold the dough.

hand scooping dough in a glass bowl

Scoop up a big handful of dough and stretch it up until you feel tension. Don’t break your dough if you can help it.

hand stretching dough over a glass bowl

Then fold the dough over itself.

folding bread dough in a glass bowl

Congratulations! You’ve successfully folded one edge of your dough.

dough folded onto itself in a glass bowl

Turn the dough 90 degrees and repeat the process until you’ve folded all four edges of your dough. Then, cover your dough and have it rest for another 30 to 60 minutes until the dough goes slack again.

Repeat your stretching and folding and resting about 3 to 4 times. Cover and let your dough rise until it has doubled in bulk, approximately 6 to 8 hours after your initial mixing.

dough doubled in bulk

Alright, your dough should have some good air bubbles inside and should still be wet, slack, and goopy. If you move the bowl, the dough should jiggle a little. It’s ready for dividing and shaping.

Turn your dough out onto a clean surface, and be careful not to jostle or degas your dough too much. You want to trap as much air in there as you can.

Use a dough chopper or sharp knife to divide the dough into two sections. If you want each loaf to be the same size, you can weigh it. In my case, however, I have one larger and one smaller Dutch oven, so I tend to make one loaf bigger than the other so they cook better.

dough divided by dough chopper

This next bit is a little tricky, even if you have a pastry cutter or dough chopper. But with some practice and patience, you’ll get it.

Lightly flour the top of your dough and the top of the pastry cutter. Gently slide the cutter under the outer edge of the dough.

hand shapping dough round with a pastry cutter

Then rotate the cutter in the same way you might turn a steering wheel. Keep pulling and sliding around the edges until you’ve formed a loose circle.

hand shaping dough round with pastry cutter

Repeat this shaping process on the other round of dough and let both rest for 30 minutes.

flour on pre shaped sourdough rounds

While your dough rests, prepare your proofing baskets. Generously flour the Bannetons, rubbing the flour into all the lines and creases. The flour keeps your dough from sticking to the baskets, so don’t worry about using too much.

When your baskets and dough are ready, you can move onto your final shaping.

Lightly flour your pastry cutter and slide it under one of the dough rounds. Flip the dough over and spread the dough gently. Pull the bottom two sides away from each other to form little wing shapes.

sourdough dough on counter

Next, fold the right wing to the middle of the dough.

shaping sourdough on counter

Then fold the left wing over the right. It should loosely resemble an envelope or maybe a mummy sleeping bag at this point.

shaping sourdough on counter

Gently grab the top of the envelope and stretch it up a little, then fold it down to the middle.

shaping sourdough on counter

Then, grab the bottom of the envelope and stretch it down a little and then fold it up to the top. At this stage, dough that was stuck on the bottom of your counter is now on the top.

shaping sourdough on counter

Use both hands to gently cup your round. Slowly tuck the edges of the dough with your hands while dragging the dough toward you. You want to create tension on the outside of the dough without breaking the outer skin.

After each slide and drag, rotate the dough and repeat until your dough forms a smooth, uniform ball.

Use your dough chopper to slide under the round and flip the dough into the proofing basket, seam side up. If you feel satisfied with your dough shape, cover the baskets tightly and place in the fridge to rise overnight.

dough in banneton baskets

If your dough ball still seems a little slack, despite your shaping, let the dough rest for 5 to 10 minutes. You can clean up your counter while it rests.

When you’re ready, lightly flour your hands (or wet them) to keep the dough from sticking to your fingers. Grab four of your outside edges of your dough and fold them up to the middle, creating a little package or envelope again. Then pinch the seams together to give it some extra tension.

Once you’ve finished, go ahead and cover your baskets tightly and let them rise in the fridge overnight.

proofed dough in banneton basket

Before you are ready to bake, put your two Dutch ovens into your oven and preheat to 450 degrees Fahrenheit. The lids of your Dutch ovens should be on and you’ll want to preheat for at least 45 minutes to an hour.

Once everything is preheated, transfer your dough to the Dutch oven.

dough in dutch oven

Score your loaf with a sharp knife or bread lame. Careful! The Dutch oven will be hot and it’s easy to burn a wrist or a finger during the scoring process.

dough scored in dutch oven

Replace the lid on your Dutch oven and put it into the oven. Do the same with your second loaf and bake for 30 minutes.

bake bread without lid in dutch oven

Remove the lid and bake for an additional 15 to 20 minutes. The crust will turn from a light golden color to a richer darker brown.

After baking, turn out your loaves onto a wire rack and allow it to cool completely.

pain de campagne cooling on a wire rack

Although the crackling sound and yeasty smell of your bread may be tempting, resist the urge to cut into your loaf prematurely. Even though your bread is no longer in the oven, your bread hasn’t finished baking. The residual heat will ensure your bread cooks all the way through.

If you cut too early, your pain de campagne may come out gummy.

finished loaf of pain de campagne on cutting board with knife and tea towel

Once everything has cooled, feel free to slice into your bread and enjoy.

Although my family thoroughly enjoyed this bread smothered in butter, you can up the authenticity by pairing it with a French cheese such as Brie or Gruyere.

Secrets to Success

Alright, I’m going to admit it right here – this bread is TOUGH to make if you don’t know what you are doing. I’ve practiced with a few different bread baking techniques, and I struggled to work with this dough.

Here’s what my first attempt looked like:

burnt and botched pain de campagne

Yeah, I call these twins “burnt” and “botched.”

Here’s what I learned from this first mess:

  • Make sure your starter is active and ripe – if it can’t raise itself, you can’t expect it to raise bread. My starter was fairly active when I made it, but I used unfed starter rather than fed because I figured the dough would feed it. It didn’t rise as well as I thought it would.
  • Use your dough chopper rather than your hands to shape the dough. This is a high hydration bread, and it will stick to your hands like no other, even if you are liberal with the flour. Although some dough will still stick to the chopper, it won’t stick as badly.
  • Do not break the outermost layer of your dough when shaping. Your dough should look like a smooth tight ball with some tension. If you break that tension, your bread won’t have any support and it will fall flat during baking.
  • Be liberal with the flour when lining your proofing baskets. If regular flour still doesn’t cut it, try rice flour instead. The first two times I made this bread, my dough stuck to the Banneton. When I tried to put it in the Dutch oven, it came out in a globby mess. As a result, I lost a lot of the gas that I had trapped in the dough during the overnight rise.
  • If you want to score your bread, make sure the seams face up in your proofing baskets. With the seams facing down, they’ll end up on the top of your bread when you put them in the Dutch oven. The seams will create natural splits along the seams rather than following your scoring patterns.
  • When scoring your bread, don’t be afraid to go deep. I tend to get scared when scoring because I don’t want to burn myself on a hot Dutch oven, and as a result, my scoring doesn’t look great and the bread doesn’t spring up as well as it should. If you worry about burning your hands, I suggest getting some oven-safe gloves rather than using traditional oven mitts.

However, don’t let this bread intimidate you into not making it. My first two loaves may have looked kind of sad, but my next batch of bread tasted phenomenal. Presentation takes practice and patience. But the flavor still tops anything I would have purchased on the grocery store shelf.

Nutritional Information

With so few ingredients in Pain de Campagne, the nutritional information is pretty straightforward:

pain de campagne nutritional information

Keep in mind that these are round boules, so slices (and consequently calories) will vary. Additionally, you’ll need to account for any additional ingredients (such as nuts or cheese) you put in your dough.

Did You Try It?

I love trying new things, even if it takes me a long time to get the hang of them. I’m so happy that I tried this pain de campagne recipe. Did you try it, too? How did your loaves turn out?

Let me know about your experiences below. Feel free to share any tips and secrets you have as well.